A woman fleeing Afghanistan has given birth to a child on a US military rescue plane.

The U.S. Air Mobility Command said in a message on Twitter that the Afghan midwife was traveling with her family on a special U.S. flight from Kabul to Qatar's Ramstein Airport via Qatar. On the way her labor pains began.

When her situation became critical, the pilot "lowered the altitude of the aircraft so that maternal life could be saved by increasing the air pressure (inside the cabin of the aircraft)."

The Afghan child was born on a US military plane, the question of citizenship

After the plane landed at Rammstein Airport, U.S. military medical personnel assisted the woman in delivering the child, according to Air Mobility Command.

Desperate to escape from Kabul, an Afghan father, Hamid Karzai, is handing over his infant to a US soldier on the airport wall. The incident took place on August 19, 2021.

The mother and her newborn daughter were then sent to a local hospital. U.S. officials say both are in good health.

Controversy over citizenship

However, a strong discussion has started on social media about the nationality of the child born in the sky.

Some say the child should be granted U.S. citizenship because he was born on a U.S. flag-bearing and US-registered military aircraft.

The other side says that since the child landed in Germany after the plane landed, he deserves German citizenship.

"The issue of citizenship for a child born by air is a bit complicated," he wrote in an article in an aviation magazine.

He writes that, according to the normal rules, the citizenship of a child is determined according to the citizenship of his mother (and father), which is called 'Juice Sanguinis' (right to blood).

But some countries grant citizenship to a child born within its borders. As such, the United States has these rules.

However, according to the State Department's Foreign Affairs Manual, a child born outside the United States' geographical boundaries, such as embassies, consulates, military aircraft, or bases, will not be eligible for U.S. citizenship unless at least one of the parents is a U.S. citizen.

However, according to this manual, there is a provision to grant citizenship to any child born within 12 nautical miles of the US border. This is called 'juice soli' or land rights.

But other countries, such as Germany, do not have this right. To be a citizen of that country, at least one of the parents must have German citizenship and meet a number of other conditions.

And in the case of the citizenship of the refugee child, different laws are used in each country.